JAMES SHASTEEN, SR.
b 01 Jan 1807 Rockbridge Co., VA d 18 Jun 1866 Yellowbud, Ross Co., OH
Shasteen, Sr., Partial Descendant List
James Shasteen Sr. (b 01 Jan 1807 Rockbridge Co. VA, d 18 Jun 1866 near Yellow Bud)
| m. Eleanor Ryan (b 14 Aug 1811 Rock, Frederick Co. VA, d 22 Jan 1867 near
| Yellow Bud, & buried Spring Banks Cemetery bet. Circleville & Chillicothe)
|—James Shasteen (b est 1834 Ohio d ?)
|—William Henry Harrison Shasteen (b 16 Mar 1841, d 18 Oct 1916)
| m1. Nancy Minear, first wife (b 05 Jun 1845, d 20 Nov 1864, Yellow Bud)
| |—Walter Shasteen (b est 1864, d ?) m. Unknown
| | |—George H. Shasteen (b 14 Jun 1884, d 28 Feb 1980)
| | | m. Maude Unknown (b ?, d ?)
| | |—Arno Shasteen (b ?, d ?)
| | |—Unknown Shasteen (b ?, d ?)
| |—Unknown Shasteen (b ?, d ?)
| m2. Mary G. Rowe, second wife (b 28 Apr 1852, d 16 Oct 1875)
| |—Nettie Mae Shasteen (b 03 Jan 1874, d 16 Jan 1961)
| | | m. Terence Burns (b 02 Feb 1871, d 03 Feb 1957)
| | |—Joseph Harrison Burns (b 29 Jul 1897, d 17 Oct 1947)
| | | m. Ida Elizabeth Imbroth (b 10 Apr 1900, d 08 May 1942)
| | |—Margueritte Agnes (Dollie) Burns (b 10 Sep 1902, d __ ___ __)
| | | m. Ernst Sigvard Sanderson (b 22 Jan 1903)
| | |—Doris Roe Burns (b 14 Nov 1906)
| | | m. Jennings Bryan Barge (b 02 Feb 1900)
| | |—Terence Lawrence (b 28 Aug 1912, d 17 Sept 1948)
| | m1. Juanita Thompson (b ?, d ?)
| | m2. Sylvia Unknown (b ?, d ?)
| |—Charles Harrison Shasteen (b 10 Oct 1875, d 18 Aug 1941)
| | m. Clara Ina Price (b 12 Sept 1881, d 19 Aug 1941)
| |—Murl Harrison Shasteen (b 06 Feb 1900, d 08 Mar 1988)
| | m. Ruby Viola Fross (b 03 Aug 1901, d 08 Jan 1985)
| |—Walter Everett (Bill) Shasteen (b 14 Apr 1903, d 11 May 1953)
| | m. Lois Daretta Borton (b 21 Feb 1910, d 15 Sep 1985)
| |—Ralph Oliver Shasteen (b 29 Mar 1906, d 31 Jan 1984)
| | m. Dorris Waddell (b 17 May 1911, d __ ___ 1999)
| |—George Donald Shasteen (b 5 Aug 1910, d 14 Jan 1984)
| | m1. Frances True Meyers (b 30 Jul 1906)
| | m2. Roberta Marie Nelson (b 28 Aug 1919, d 30 Nov 1992)
| m3. Augusta Jane Sauerbrei, third wife (b 22 Jul 1857, d 11 Apr 1947)
|—Delena Eleanor Shasteen (b 03 May 1879, d 30 Jun 1929)
| | m. Cary Wilson (b ?, ?)
| |—Ruth Wilson (b ?, d?)
| |—Augusta Bell Wilson (b 31 Jul 1902, d?)
| |—Helen Rebecca Wilson (b 15 Jan 1910, d ?)
| | m. Harry Lutz (b 15 Sep 1912, d 04 Jan 1981)
| |—Reginald Wilson (b 24 Jul 1913, d ?)
|—James William Shasteen (b 30 Aug 1881, d 13 Jul 1974)
| | m. Rowena Ebenhack (b 19 Dec 1885, d 25 Sep 1965)
| |—Beatrice Shasteen (b 13 May 1903, d 12 Feb 1915)
| |—Esther Shasteen (b 11 Jun 1907)
| | m. George Williams (b 03 Aug 1905)
| |—Terry B. Shasteen (b 23 Dec 1909, d 26 Jan 1915)
|— John Logan Shasteen (b 29 Aug 1885, d 13 May 1950)
| | m. Edna Anna McCollister (b 16 Aug 1888, d 12 Aug 1968)
| |—William Cary Shasteen (b 02 Feb 1912, d __ ___ 19__)
| m. Gertrude Genevieve Parks (b 16 Dec 1912, d 26 Jul 1993)
|—Viola Shasteen (b ?,d ?)
| m. Robert Reynolds (b 03 Jun 1891, d 12 Mar 1974)
|—Oscar Reynolds (b 21 Nov 1911, d 04 Oct 1973)
| m. Marguerite Mowery (b 05 Feb 1916)
|—Opal Eleaner Reynolds (b 12 Jan 1914, d 06 Mar 1956)
| m. Wayne Edgar Chester (b 30 Mar 1913)
|—Ruth Ester Reynolds (b 28 Jan 1916)
| m. George Holman (05 Jul 1906)
|—Mary Elizabeth Reynolds (01 Mar 1918)
| m. Clyde Emerson Turner (16 Oct 1911)
|—J. Carroll Reynolds (b 10 Aug 1920)
| m. Mary Jane Rittenhouse (b __ ___ ____)
|—Lois Belle Reynolds (b 09 Jan 1923)
| m. Kervyn Morrison (b 14 Apr 1918, d 07 Dec 1970)
|—Gerald Wayne Reynolds (b 02 Feb 1926)
| m. Doris Lee Schleich (b 22 May 1926)
|—Joan Rosella Reynolds (b 17 May 1929)
m. Unknown Ziegler (b 21 May 1929, d 14 Jan 1971)
James Shasteen, Sr. Biographical Notes
James Shasteen - First Son
born Jan 1868 in IL died 13 Nov 1927 married Burroughs Moore (born 4 Jul
1897 in Vermilion Co., IL)
Francis Marion Shasteen - Third Son
Francis Marion Shasteen Likely Namesake
Francis Marion (February 26, 1732–February 27, 1795) was a lieutenant colonel in the Continental Army and later brigadier general in the South Carolina Militia during the American Revolutionary War. He became known as the "Swamp Fox" because he set up his base of operations in a swamp. His use of guerrilla tactics helped set in motion the decline of open battles in the conflict. Early records indicate that he was a sailor before the Revolutionary War.
Marion is considered one of the fathers of modern guerrilla warfare, and is credited in the lineage of the United States Army Rangers.
Family and early life
Marion's family was of Huguenot ancestry. His parents were Gabriel Marion and Esther Cordes Marion, both first-generation Carolinians. His grandparents were Benjamin and Judith Baluet Marion, and Anthony and Esther Baluet Cordes. Gabriel and Esther had six children: Esther, Isaac, Gabriel, Benjamin, Job, and Francis. Francis was the last born and was a puny child. Peter Horry, who served under Marion in the American Revolution, joked, "I have it from good authority, that this great soldier, at his birth, was not larger than a New England lobster, and might easily enough have been put into a quart pot."
The family settled at Winyah, near Georgetown, South Carolina. Marion was born in midwinter, 1732, at Goatfield Plantation in St. James Parish, Berkeley County, South Carolina. When he was five or six, his family moved to a plantation in St. George, a parish on Winyah Bay. Apparently, they wanted to be near the English school in Georgetown. In 1759, he moved to Pond Bluff plantation near Eutaw Springs, in St. John's Parish, Berkeley County, South Carolina. Francis Marion was fluent in both French and English.
When Francis was 15, he decided to become a sailor. His imagination had been stirred by the ships in the Georgetown port. When he asked his parents' permission, they willingly agreed. They hoped a voyage to the Caribbean would strengthen his frail physique. He signed on as the sixth crewman of a schooner heading for the West Indies. As they were returning, a whale rammed the schooner and caused a plank to come loose. The captain and crew escaped in a boat, but the schooner sank so quickly that they were unable to take any food or water. After six days under the tropical sun, two crewmen died of thirst and exposure. The following day, they reached shore.
Despite his sea ordeal, Francis came back in better health. Peter Horry wrote, "His constitution seemed renewed, his frame commenced a second and rapid growth, while his cheeks, quitting their pale, suet-colored cast, assumed a bright and healthy olive." However, Francis was done with sailing after that one disastrous voyage.
Marion began his military career shortly before his 25th birthday. On January 1, 1757, Francis and his brother Gabriel were recruited by Captain John Postell for the French and Indian War to drive the Cherokee away from the border. In 1761, Marion served as a lieutenant under Captain William Moultrie in a campaign against the Cherokee. Peter Horry quoted a letter in which Marion spoke of this British-led campaign with sorrow:
Service during the Revolution
In 1775, he was a member of the South Carolina Provincial Congress, and on June 21, 1775 was commissioned captain in the 2nd South Carolina Regiment under William Moultrie, with whom he served in June 1776 in the defense of Fort Sullivan and Fort Moultrie, in Charleston harbor.
In September 1776, the Continental Congress commissioned Marion as a lieutenant-colonel. In the autumn of 1779, he took part in the siege of Savannah, and early in 1780, under Gen. Benjamin Lincoln, was engaged in drilling militia.
Marion escaped capture when Charleston fell on May 12, 1780, because he had broken an ankle in an accident and had left the city to recuperate.
After the loss of Charleston, the defeats of Gen. Isaac Huger at Moncks Corner and Lt. Col. Abraham Buford at the Waxhaw massacre (near the North Carolina border, in what is now Lancaster County), Marion organized a small troop, which at first consisted of between 20 and 70 men—the only force then opposing the British Army in the state. At this point, he was still nearly crippled from the slowly-healing ankle.
He joined General Horatio Gates just before the Battle of Camden, but Gates had no confidence in him and sent him (mostly to get rid of him) to take command of the Williamsburg Militia in the Pee Dee area and asked him to undertake scouting missions and impede the expected flight of the British after the battle. Marion thus missed the battle, but was able to intercept and recapture 150 Maryland prisoners, plus about twenty of their British guards, who had been en route from the battle to Charleston. The freed prisoners, thinking the war already lost, refused to join Marion and deserted.
However, with his militiamen, Marion showed himself to be a singularly able leader of irregulars. Unlike the Continental troops, Marion's Men, as they were known, served without pay, supplied their own horses, arms, and often their food. All of Marion's supplies that were not obtained locally were captured from the British or Loyalist ("Tory") forces.
Marion rarely committed his men to frontal warfare, but repeatedly surprised larger bodies of Loyalists or British regulars with quick surprise attacks and equally quick withdrawal from the field. After the surrender of Charleston, the British garrisoned South Carolina with help from local Tories, except for Williamsburg (the present Pee Dee), which they were never able to hold. The British made one attempt to garrison Williamsburg at Willtown, but were driven out by Marion at the Mingo Creek.
The British especially hated Marion and made repeated efforts to neutralize his force, but Marion's intelligence gathering was excellent and that of the British was poor, due to the overwhelming Patriot loyalty of the populace in the Williamsburg area.
Col. Banastre Tarleton, sent to capture Marion, despaired of finding the "old swamp fox", who eluded him by travelling along swamp paths. Tarleton and Marion were sharply contrasted in the popular mind. Tarleton was hated because he burned and destroyed homes and supplies, whereas Marion's Men, when they requisitioned supplies (or destroyed them to keep them out of British hands) gave the owners receipts for them. After the war, most of the receipts were redeemed by the new state government.
Once Marion had shown his ability at guerrilla warfare, making himself a serious nuisance to the British, Governor John Rutledge (in exile in North Carolina) commissioned him a brigadier-general of state troops.
When Gen. Nathanael Greene took command in the south, Marion and Lieutenant Colonel Henry Lee were ordered in January 1781 to attack Georgetown, but were unsuccessful. In April, however, they took Fort Watson and in May, Fort Motte, and succeeded in breaking communications between the British posts in the Carolinas. On August 31, Marion rescued a small American force trapped by Major C. Fraser with 500 British. For this, he received the thanks of the Continental Congress. Marion commanded the right wing under General Greene at the Battle of Eutaw Springs.
In 1782, during his absence as State Senator at Jacksonborough, his brigade grew disheartened and there was reportedly a conspiracy to turn him over to the British. But in June of that year, he put down a Loyalist uprising on the banks of the Pee Dee River. In August, he left his brigade and returned to his plantation.
After the war, Marion married his cousin, Mary Esther Videau. His nephew Theodore had hinted to his uncle that it was time to get married. His relatives and friends informed him that Mary always listened with glowing cheeks and sparkling eyes when anyone began reciting the exploits of the Swamp Fox. Marion was in love earlier with Mary Esther Simons but she refused his proposal and married Jack Holmes.
Marion served several terms in the
South Carolina State Senate, and in 1784, in recognition of his services, was
made commander of Fort Johnson, practically a courtesy title with a salary of
$500 per annum. He was originally supposed to receive 500 English pounds a year,
but economy-frightened politicians reduced his payment to 500 Continental
dollars. He died on his estate in 1795.
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